• BreathAndBeats

Asthma Attack: First Aid For This Life Threatening Medical Emergency

Asthma attack is an emergency situation for people suffering from asthma. Asthma is a disease condition where the lining of the bronchial tubes or the airways swell up. This leads to the narrowing of the airways which in turn makes the airways even more sensitive to the irritants causing the asthma attack. This narrowing of the airways reduces the flow of the air making it difficult to breathe. Asthma attack can occur at any time and hence the prescribed medicines and inhaler should always be handy and within an easy reach.

Using a metered dose inhaler during the asthma attack:

  1. Sit in an upright and comfortable position.

  2. Loosen clothing

  3. Get hold of the inhaler and then remove the inhaler cap.

  4. Make sure the mouth piece and spray hole are clean.

  5. Shake the inhaler 10-15 times.

  6. Hold the inhaler upright.

  7. Without the inhaler take a deep breath in and then breathe out completely.

  8. Put the inhaler in your mouth and above your tongue, between your teeth.

  9. Remember to tightly seal your lips around the inhaler.

  10. Press down on the inhaler while you start to breathe in slowly but deeply through the mouth.

  11. Remove the inhaler from your mouth while you continue to breathe in.

  12. Now hold the breath for 5-10 seconds.

  13. Open your mouth and breathe out slowly.

Using a metered dose inhaler with a spacer during the asthma attack:

  1. Sit in an upright and comfortable position.

  2. Loosen clothing

  3. Get hold of the inhaler and then remove the inhaler cap.

  4. Make sure the mouth piece and spray hole are clean.

  5. Shake the inhaler 10-15 times.

  6. Put the mouthpiece of the inhaler into the end of the spacer being used.

  7. Without the inhaler take a deep breath in and then breathe out completely.

  8. Put the mouth piece of the spacer in your mouth and above your tongue, between your teeth.

  9. Remember to tightly seal your lips around the spacer.

  10. Tilt the head back slightly and press the inhaler while you start to breathe in slowly but deeply through the mouth.

  11. Now hold the breath for 5-10 seconds.

  12. Remove the spacer from your mouth.

  13. Open your mouth and breathe out slowly.

Important:

  1. Total of 4 puffs to be given with 1 minute waiting time between each puff.

  2. Remember to shake the inhaler every time before taking a puff.

  3. After 4 puffs wait for 4 minutes to see if patient can breathing normally and properly

  4. If not then repeat the above mentioned process.

  5. During a severe attack give 6 – 8 puffs every 5 minutes.

  6. Drowsiness or stopping of wheezing sound does not indicate improvement.

Important – Immediately contact the nearest hospital if the condition is life threatening.

Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.

Reference:

https://www.cdc.gov/DiseasesConditions/

https://www.nhp.gov.in/disease-a-z

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Disclaimer

The content made available at this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. BreathAndBeats.com, it’s team and it’s content partners strongly recommend that you should consult a licensed medical practitioner for any medical or health condition.


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