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CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The Life Saving Technique

CPR or Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation is a life saving technique which is used in medical emergencies, such as a heart attack or a cardiac arrest.

This technique is extremely important to know as this can save a precious life and assist in letting a person live even if medical help is not near to the emergency site.

Below is a step-by-step tutorial on how to perform a CPR on an adult or a child, and an infant.

CPR (for an ADULT or CHILD)

  1. Make the patient lie on the back slowly.

  2. Place your heel of one of the hands on the centre of the chest, on the breastbone and in the straight line of the nipples.

  3. Keep the other hand on top of the other, arms kept straight and the shoulders directly over your hands.

  4. Interlock the fingers of the above hand in between the fingers of the lower hand.

  5. Press the patient’s chest with your body weight through your hand as placed on the chest to about 2-2.5 inches for an adult and about 2 inches down for a child. (DO NOT press on ribs)

  6. Now release the chest from the compression allowing it to come back to it’s original position.

  7. Perform 100 compressions or more per minute and let the chest completely rise between the compressions.

  8. Check if the patient has started to breathe.

  9. Repeat the compression and release cycle till an ambulance arrives, if the patient is still not breathing.

CPR (for an INFANT)

  1. Make the infant patient lie on the back slowly.

  2. Keep your two fingers on the breastbone of the infant.

  3. Press the infant’s chest to about 1 and 1/2 inches down. (Do not press on the end of the breastbone)

  4. Now release the chest from the compression allowing it to come back to it’s original position.

  5. Perform 100 compressions or more per minute and let the chest completely rise between the compressions.

  6. Check if the infant patient has started to breathe.

  7. Repeat the compression and release cycle till an ambulance arrives, if the patient is still not breathing.

Rescue Breathing

  1. Open the airway by placing your hand over the patient’s forehead and then gently tilting the patient’s head back and lifting the chin up with 2 fingers.

  2. Remember to remove any of the visible obstructions from the patient’s mouth or nose.

  3. Close the patient’s nose by pinching it with your fingers.

  4. Now you inhale normally and do not exhale.

  5. Cover the patient’s mouth with your mouth so that an airtight seal is created.

  6. Now exhale in the patient’s mouth 2 times for one second each.

  7. Check to see if the chest rises.

  8. If not, repeat the CPR steps as explained above (different for adult and infant).

  9. Repeat this cycle of giving 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100-120 per minute with 2 rescue breaths after that until the patient starts to breathe or an ambulance arrives.

Important: If you are not confident in the rescue breathing with CPR then only perform CPR on the patient.

Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.

Reference:

https://www.nhs.uk/

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Disclaimer

The content made available on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent diseases in any way. BreathAndBeats.com, it’s team and it’s content partners strongly recommend that you consult a licensed medical practitioner for any medical or health condition.


#medicalemergency #cprtutorial #cardiopulmonaryresuscitation #firstaid #cprtraining #cpr

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