Electric Shock: First Aid & Separating The Victim From The Electric Source
Electric shock can range from a little jerk to a fatal ending. Even your home is a potential place for an electric shock, specially for babies, hence the child proof electric sockets. But there are times when someone might get a major electric shock from a high voltage source such as an uncovered live wire carrying current. It is extremely important to know what to do next if someone is a victim of such a situation and more importantly keeping yourself safe too while saving the other person.
Below are the steps to separate a victim from the electrical source and then provide first aid:
Turn off the power
Separate the patient from the electric shock source by unplugging the electric appliance, only if the plug of the electric appliance is not damaged.
Shut off the complete power supply, probably from an outside switch or a fuse box
If power can not be turned off
You should stand on something dry and non-conductive to electricity, such as dry wooden board or newspapers.
Now separate the patient from the electric source using a non-conductive object made of rubber, wooden, or plastic.
When high voltage lines are involved, do not try to separate the patient from the electric source if there is a feeling of tingling sensation in your legs or lower body. If you feel it, then immediately hop on one foot to a place that is safe from the electric current.
Check if there has been a power line fallen on a car, then instruct the passengers to stay inside the car unless there is a threat of explosion or fire.
If patient is not breathing or does not have a pulse, perform CPR. But make sure you are safe to touch the patient and you do not get the electric shock
Check the patient for other injuries
Apply pressure if the patient is bleeding and if it’s in the arm or the leg then elevate the wound.
Check for the fractures if the electric shock made the patient fall.
Check the patient for any kind of burns, and if there are then do give the first aid for burns too.
Important – Immediately contact the nearest hospital and seek medical help if the condition is life threatening.
Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.
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