• BreathAndBeats

Heart Attack! These Symptoms Indicate It & This First Aid Can Save A Life

Heart attack or cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that can occur anytime and anywhere to anybody. Although there are multiple causes, mostly lifestyle related, there certain ways to prevent its risk factors. Moreover, knowing the symptoms and the first aid procedure can save your loved one’s or even a stranger’s life.

First Aid for a person having a heart attack or cardiac arrest:

  1. Make the person comfortable and have him or her sit down and rest.

  2. Maintain calm with the person and in the surroundings.

  3. If the person is wearing tight clothes then loosen them.

  4. Inquire if the person is on a prescribed medicine for the heart condition.

  5. Help the person have a dose of the that medicine.

  6. If there is no relief from the medicine to the person’s condition then immediately try to get medical help.

  7. Also seek immediate medical attention if the person has been unconscious and perform CPR on the person.

  8. For a child or even an infant performing CPR is necessary if he or she is unconscious and unresponsive.

DONT’s to remember:

  1. Never leave the person unattended or alone, barring when you need to call for necessary help.

  2. Do not agree and be convinced in denying the symptoms even if the person having the symptoms of heart attack says so.

  3. Wasting time to wait and check to see if the symptoms might go away is not at all advised. Always seek medical help if there are symptoms indicating towards a heart attack.

  4. Do not feed the person unless it is the prescribed medicine from a doctor, at the time of heart attack.

Important – Call the nearest hospital or seek medical help immediately if the medical emergency is life threatening.

Symptoms of heart attack:

  1. There are changes in mental status, especially seen with the older population.

  2. Pressure or squeezing, or fullness like feeling in the chest, that is painful. The pain may also come and go, or can last for minutes.

  3. The person may also experience pain in the jaw, shoulder, arms, back, and stomach.

  4. Cold sweats

  5. Light-headedness

  6. Nausea, which might be more common in women

  7. Feeling of Numbness or tingling, or even an ache in the arm. It is generally the left arm, although the right arm may be affected alone too, or along with the left).

  8. Shortness of breath

  9. Weakness or fatigue

Prevention of a heart attack for adults by controlling the risk factors for heart disease:

  1. Quit smoking as it increases the risk factor for developing heart disease(s) by twice.

  2. Have your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and diabetes or sugar levels in check.

  3. Obesity is another factor, so lose weight if you are overweight.

  4. Have a good exercise regime to keep the heart in good health.

  5. Plan for a healthy diet. It should include salads, fresh fruits and vegetables, with whole grains.

  6. Reduce the intake of sugar and foods containing high amounts of sugar, spices and/or oil.

  7. Alcohol should not be consumed, and if consuming it should be close to nil quantities.

Please Note – This tutorial does not substitute a formal training in Basic Life Saving Procedures or First Aid Procedures given by a licensed practitioner.



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