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The Inevitable, Hair Loss! Know About The Causes And How To Prevent It

Hair fall is one of the biggest fear of any person. Alopecia is a medical condition that is used to describe the loss of hair, either partially or completely. It is normal for a person to lose about 100 hair almost everyday from their scalp.

One might start losing hair over time as it develops slowly and gradually, in bald patches or all over the scalp. There can be multiple causes and not usually a disease that results in baldness. The causes point to ageing, hereditary factors or even hormonal changes. The baldness can be a male pattern or a female pattern baldness.

Causes Of Hair Fall

There are multiple factors that can result in a hair fall. The factors can be:

1. Hair Disorders

  1. Hereditary thinning or baldness:

This disorder, also known as androgenetic alopecia, can easily be taken as the most common factor to cause hair fall. Typically it is the receding hairline or the loss of hair on the top of the scalp in men that is considered as a form of hereditary hair fall. Although in women the visible change are the thinning of their hair over the front and top of the scalp and not a a receding hairline.

  1. Alopecia areata:

This is an autoimmune disease where the hair fall occurs in patches on the body or scalp. People of any age group can get affected.

  1. Cicatricial (scarring) alopecia:

This is a rare medical condition and can develop in healthy men and women, responsible to destroy the hair follicles. It typically happens that the follicles aren’t capable of re-growth in the areas where they once were, resulting in the formation of a scar tissue. It is the inflammation that is attempted to stop with treatments as that is the cause for the damage of the hair follicles.

2. Disease

  1. Underlying medical condition:

There are approximately 30 diseases that account for the loss of hair as a warning sign. Doctors can more often treat the hair fall and stop or at least reverse it by treating the underlying disease that caused it in the first place. Thyroid disease and anaemia that are a result of iron deficiencies can be the medical diseases that causes hair fall.

  1. Some cancer treatments:

Cancer treatments involve radiation therapy and also certain medications that are chemotherapeutic. These can cause hair fall which actually is not permanent but can be a reason for mental stress during the treatment.

  1. Ringworm of the scalp:

Fungal infection can also be a cause for hair fall that can result in balding and scaling, most commonly on the scalp of the children

  1. Trichotillomania:

This is a disorder where people suffering from it not just pull out their own hair from the scalp but also from their nose, eyelashes, or even eyebrows. They also feel compelled to pull out other hair on their bodies.

3. Stress and Hormones

  1. Stress:

Mental or physical stress also contributes to hair fall. It may so occur even post surgery which can be a major surgery, or high fever, severe infection, and flu.

  1. Hormone fluctuations

This especially is seen in women where the hair fall occurs due to hormonal changes, in cases such as during menopause. Also post childbirth because of the decrease in oestrogen levels but the hair fall by this factor is temporary and can be regrown.

4. Diet

  1. Weight loss:

This causes a temporary form of hair fall and people suffering from it can have their hair grown back to normal with a proper diet and their weight in check.

  1. Vitamin A excess:

Consuming excess of supplements or medication having Vitamin-A can also result in a hair fall.

  1. Protein intake too low:

A person consuming less protein can also have hair fall as the body will put the growth of hair in a resting phase to conserve protein. It usually take 2-3 months for visible hair fall, although with an adequate protein intake this can be reversed and even more so prevented.

  1. Iron intake too low:

Iron is also an important nutrient to be included in the daily diet as it’s deficiency can also be a cause for hair fall.

  1. Eating disorder:

Hair fall can also be a result of eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia.

5. Medication

  1. High-dose vitamin A:

Medicines for disease and medical conditions such as arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, and high blood pressure

  1. Blood thinners

  2. Birth control pills

Woman using hair dryer

6. Hair Care Practices

  1. Hair cosmetics:

As recommended by dermatologists, limited and proper use of the hair products which are filled with chemicals such as hair gels, hair sprays, or relaxers help in reducing hair breakage.

  1. Blow dryers, flat irons, and similar devices:

The blow dryer uses the principle of high heat which can boil the water in the hair shaft. This process generally images the hair by making them brittle and thus results in the breakage. Similar is the case with flat irons and curling irons. They also use the concept of high heat to straighten the hair that damages them.

  1. Too much or vigorous grooming:

Hair grooming should be handled with care as excess of use of shampoo and vigorous combing or brushing the hair can result in them breaking and making them appear to thin and shaggy.


Physical inspection by a dermatologist is of paramount importance to diagnose the condition. Also hereditary or genetic factors are taken into account by inquiring about the medical and family history.


Treatment of hair fall depends upon the factors that have resulted in this medical issue.

The dermatologist can advice a medicine which can be applied on the scalp to stimulate hair growth on the top area of the scalp and also from getting them thinner. There is also a medicine available which is in the form of a pill. This pill can be prescribed by a doctor helping men and women for their treatment. It primarily functions by stopping the body to produce DHT or dihydrotestosterone which is a male hormone.


There are different procedures which can be adopted by the dermatologist. This is done after diagnosing the exact cause and the extent of hair fall.

  1. Hair transplantation

  2. The scalp reduction

  3. Scalp expansion

  4. Scalp flaps



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The content made available at this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. BreathAndBeats.com, it’s team and it’s content partners strongly recommend that you should consult a licensed medical practitioner for any medical or health condition.


The content made available at this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. BreathAndBeats.com, it’s team and it’s content partners strongly recommend that you should consult a licensed medical practitioner for any medical or health condition.

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